Meteorological Research Division (MRD)
Environment Canada (ECCC)
2121, Trans-Canada Highway
Gilbert Brunet obtained his PhD in meteorology at McGill University (1989). He is Director of the Meteorological Research Division (MRD), Environment Canada since 2006, including a secondment as Director Weather Science at the Met Office (2012-15), United Kingdom. He was previously head (1999-2006) and research scientist (1993-98) at the Numerical Prediction Research Section of MRD.
The policy debates involving weather and climate issues are intense, driving strong demand for better Earth-system prediction. Whether on an urban or planetary scale, covering a few hours or a few decades, this is considered to be among the most important scientific challenges of our time. MRD's objective is to improve knowledge and information on weather and environmental conditions that influence decision-making from minutes to seasons for the benefit of Canadian government, society and economy.
Major R&D Earth-system prediction programs with successful operational transfers at the Canadian Meteorological Centre (CMC), Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), have been achieved under Gilbert Brunet research direction since 1999. As an example the operational implementation and subsequent improvement of the world-class Canadian Global Environmental Multiscale (GEM) unified modelling prediction and space-time data assimilation system for regional mesoscale (1-2 days), global (1-10 days), sub-seasonal and seasonal forecasts is considered by many national and international observers of the Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) scene to have enabled ECCC to have one of the best weather and environmental prediction system in the world.
He has developed in the last two decades a strategic vision of the way forward for complex multidisciplinary science of Earth-system prediction, including advocating a long term enabling technological vision for world-class computational infrastructure for Canada (High Performance Computers: Engines of Discovery: The 21st Century Revolution, 2005). Compute Canada started from this vision. His leadership was recognized by his nomination as Chair of the Joint Scientific Committee of the WWRP, World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 2007-14. In that role he has contributed to several international significant strategic planning activities in weather and climate science.
He has been a leader in developing dialog between climate and weather scientists and political, economic and social stakeholders, in response to today's and future societal priorities for environmental information and services (Shapiro et al., Nobre et al., Brunet et al., 2010, BAMS). As chair of the Scientific Steering Committee of the WWRP he has led the establishment of its first strategic plan (Brunet et al., WMO, TD No. 1505) and in collaboration with the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) contributed to the way forward for the scientific challenges of prediction from weeks to decades (Kirtman et al., 2013).
Recently he co-organized a highly successful first World Weather Open Science Conference (WWOSC) in 2014, Montreal, from which a long-term vision for seamless prediction emerged: Seamless Prediction of the Earth System: from Minutes to Months (Brunet et al., WMO, 2015) and The quiet revolution of numerical weather prediction (Bauer, Thorpe and Brunet, Nature, 2015). The latter made the cover of Nature.
He plays a notable service role in the national and international meteorological and community. He is currently a member of the: 1) UK Met Office (UKMO) Scientific Advisory Committee (MOSAC); 2) Comité Scientifique Consultatif of Mtéttéo-France (COMSI); 3) Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) Multidisciplinary Review Committee for the Cyberinfrastructure Initiative; 4) Advisory Board of the APPLICATE project, European Commission Horizon 2020; and 5) chair of the Korea Institute of Atmospheric Prediction Systems (KIAPS) Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC). During the last decade, he has also been a member of a number of scientific and management review committees in the USA, involving NOAA (NWS), DOE, UCAR (NCAR), and the USA Office of Naval Research.
He was awarded the 2010 Patterson Distinguished Service Medal for distinguished service to meteorology in Canada for his contributions in the field of meteorology. It was noted that: i) "his contributions to science and management at Environment Canada are truly remarkable"; and ii) "his innovative spirit and scientific leadership are exemplary and have a strong impact on the main directions taken by Environment Canada".
From a scientific research perspective Gilbert Brunet has been recognized as an expert in weather and climate dynamics since his post-doctoral work at the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (Cambridge University, UK, 1989-91) and Laboratoire de Mtéttéorologie Dynamique (École Normale Suptérieure, Paris, 1991-93). His work covers analytical and empirical studies of wave processes from regional to planetary scale, and numerical weather prediction from minutes to seasons. He has co-authored more than fifty peer-reviewed papers. He has co-supervised the theses of ten graduate students as Adjunct Professor at the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, McGill University, and at the "Département des Sciences de la Terre et de l'Atmosphère", UQÀM. He is regularly invited to speak at national and international conferences and to review research programs.
|OFFICE ADDRESS||Meteorological Research Division (MRD)
Environment Canada (ECCC)
2121, Service road north
Dorval (Québec), Canada, H9P 1J3
|TELEPHONES:||(514) 421-4617 Office|
(514) 421-2106 Fax
(514) 501-2265 Cell
|1984-89||McGill University||Ph.D. in meteorology|
|1980-82||Université de Montréal||M.Sc. in mathematical physics|
|1978-80||Université de Montréal||B.Sc. in physics|
|1977-78||Université Laval||B.Sc. in physics|
|1975-77||CEGEP de l'Outaouais||Science D.E.C.|
|1970-75||Collège St-Alexandre||High School|
Patterson Distinguished Service Medal, Meteorological Service of Canada.
Postdoctoral Fellow (European Community Contract), Laboratoire de météorologie dynamique (LMD), École normale supérieure, Paris, France.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Postdoctoral NATO Fellowship in Meteorology, Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMTP), Cambridge, United Kingdom.
ECCC, Atmospheric Environment Service, Postgraduate Fellowships in Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Postgraduate scholarships.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Postgraduate scholarships.
Research Director, Meteorological Research Division, ECCC.
Adjunct professor, Department of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, McGill U.
Director Weather Science (secondment), Met Office, Exeter, UK.
Chair of the Scientific Steering Committee for the World Weather Research rogramme (WWRP), World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Geneva, Switzerland.
Adjunct professor, Département des sciences de la terre et de l'atmosphère UQÀM, Montreal, Canada.
Chief, Recherche en Prévision Numérique, Environment Canada.
Research Scientist, Recherche en Prévision Numérique, Environment Canada.
Research assistant at the Department of Physics, Ottawa U.
Member of the Comité Scientifique Consultatif auprès de Météo-France (COMSI), Paris, France.
Member of the UK Met Office Scientific Advisory Committee (MOSAC), Exeter, UK.
Chair of the Korea Institute of Atmospheric Prediction Systems (KIAPS) Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC), Seoul, Korea.
Member of the Advisory Board of the APPLICATE project, European Commission Horizon 2020.
Member of the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) Multidisciplinary Review Committee for the Cyberinfrastructure Initiative.
Member of the Collaborative Research Fund Committee of the Hong Kong Research Grants Council, Hong Kong, China.
Member of the Scientific Steering Committee for the World Weather Research Programme (WWRP), World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Geneva, Switzerland.
Navy Research Laboratory Marine Meteorology Review Panel, Monterey, USA.
Chair of the Expert Committee Review for the Canada Foundation for Innovation (Environmental Science), Canada.
Reviewer for the European Research Council Earth System Science Panel.
Governance Board, National Centre for Ocean Forecasting (NCOF), UK.
Co-chair of the Scientific Programme Committee, WMO World Weather Open Science Conference, Montreal, August 2014.
External Advisory Board, Cabot Institute, University of Bristol, UK.
Scientific Advisory Group, National Hazard Partnership (NHP), UK.
Co-chair of the WMO/CAS/TECO conference "Responding to the Environmental Stressors of the 21st Century", Antalya, Turkey, November 2013.
UCAR Community Advisory Committee, National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP), USA.
Science review panel, Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) program, DOE, USA
Expert review committee for Météo-France research unit GAME (director: P. Bougeault), AERES, France.
Co-convener of the session "Predictability, Initialization and Prediction: Sub-seasonal to Multi-decadal Time Scales", WCRP Open Science Conference, October 2011, Denver, USA.
Belmont Challenge Panel on Regional Environmental Change: Human action and Adaptation, International Council of Science (ICSU), Paris, France.
Review Panel of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL), USA.
Scientific committee Third THORPEX International Science Symposium TTISS, Monterey, USA.
Scientific committee of the Seamless Approaches in Weather and Climate Session, GU General Assembly, Vienna, Austria.
Executive Committee of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research UCAR) Review Panel (chair: Rick Anthes) for NCEP review, USA.
Advisory Board, Chaire de recherche en prévision et actions hydrologiques (CRPAH), U. de Laval, Canada.
The Executive Council Research Task Team (EC-RTT) on research aspects of an enhanced climate, weather, water and environmental prediction framework, WMO.
Expert review committee in Environment-Climate, Canada Foundation for nnovation, Canada.
Management Group, Commission for Atmospheric Sciences (CAS), WMO.
Expert review committee for Météo-France research unit GAME (director: E. Brun), AERES, France.
Scientific committee, Predictability And Dynamics Of Weather Systems in the Atlantic-European Sector (PANDOWAE) project, Germany.
Chair of the Expert Committee Review for the Canada Foundation for Innovation Environmental Science), Canada.
Member of the Science Steering Committee of the CFCAS Environmental Prediction in Canadian Cities (EPiCC) project.
Working Group for Numerical Experimentation (WGNE), WMO
Administration Board of CLUMEQ2, McGill U.
Member of the International THORPEX Science Advisory Board, WMO.
Member of the board of directors of the Canadian High Performance Computer Collaboration, C3.ca.
Member of the Author Panel for the Canadian Long Range Plan for High Performance Computer, C3.ca.
Brunet, G., E. Carroll, L. Clifford, C. K. Folland, J.D. Haig, B. Hoskins, J. Knight, A.A. Scaife, G.K. Vallis, 2016, 30-second meteorology. Edited by A.A. Scaife, Ivy Press, pp. 1-160.
World Meteorological Organization, 2015: Seamless Prediction of the Earth System: from Minutes to Months, (G Brunet, S Jones, PM Ruti Eds.), WMO-No. 1156, (ISBN 978-92-63-11156-2), Geneva, pp 1-480.
Brunet, G., T. Jung, N. Gordon, F. Vitart, A. Robertson, B. Golding, S. Jones, H. Goessling and WMO Secretariat 2015: The World Weather Research Programme: a 10-year vision. WMO Bulletin, Vol. 64, No. 1, 16-19.
Rogers, D.P., M. A. Shapiro , G. Brunet , J-C. Cohen , S. J. Connor , A. A. Diallo , W. Elliott , K. Haidong , S. Hales , D. Hemming, I. Jeanne , M. Lafaye , Z. Mumba, N. Raholijao , F. Rakotomanana , H. Teka , J. Trtanj , P.-Y. Whung: 2010. Health and Climate - Opportunities, Procedia Environmental Sciences, 1, 37-54.
Brunet et al., 2009: Strategic plan for the implementation of the WMO's World Weather Research Programme (WWRP): 2009-2017, WMO, TD-No. 1505.
Mitchell et al., 2009: Challenges and opportunities in research to enable improved products and new services in climate, weather, water and environment, WMO, TD-No. 1496.
Pudykiewicz, J. and G. Brunet, 2008: The first hundred years of numerical weather prediction. Book chapter in Large-Scale Disasters: prediction, mitigation and control, Edited by Mohamed Gad-El-Hak, Cambridge University Press.
Nordeng, T.E., G. Brunet and J. Caughey, 2007: Improvement of Weather Forecasts in polar regions. WMO Bulletin, Vol. 56, No. 4, 250-256.
Rowe, K., J. Borwein, R. Boyd, G. Brunet, H. Couchman, A. Evans, M. Guest, I. Lancashire and J. Schaeffer, 2005: HPC Engines of Discovery: The 21st Century Revolution. The long range plan for high performance computing in Canada, C3.ca, Canada.
Shapiro, M., Shukla, J., Hoskins, B., Church, J., Trenberth, K., Béland, M., Brasseur, G., Wallace, M., McBean, G., Caughey, J., Rogers, D., Brunet, G., Barrie, L., Henderson-Sellers, A., Burridge, D., Nakazawa, T., Miller, M., Bougeault, P., Anthes, R., Toth, Z., Palmer, T., 2007. The socioeconomic and environmental benefits of a revolution in weather, climate and Earth-system prediction, The Full Picture. 136-139, Tudor Rose, UK on behalf of Group on Earth Observations (GEO), Geneva, Switzerland, ISBN 978-92-990047-0-8.
Desgagnés, M., W. Ohfuchi, G. Brunet, P. Yau, R. McTaggart-Cowan and M. Valin, 2004: Large Atmospheric Computation on the Earth Simulator: A report on the LACES project. Annual Repport of the
Dugas, B., G. Brunet, and H. Ritchie, Progress on AMIP integrations with the RPN spectral forecast model, Proc. of the World Clim. Res. Prog., WCRP-92, 359-363, 1995.
Asaadi, Ali, Ph.D., 2016: On the genesis of hurricanes. Co-supervised with P. Yau, McGill U.
Yosvany Martinez, Ph.D., 2008: Diagnostic study of hurricane asymmetries using empirical normal modes. Co-supervised with P. Yau, McGill U.
Ravia, Roni, M.Sc, 2007: Excitation and Dispersion of a Rossby Wave Train on the Polar Jet by an Extra-Tropical Transition of a Hurricane. Co-supervisé avec P. Yau, McGill U.
Yazidi, Hatem, 2006: Intercomparaison de trios modèles dynamiques canadiens de prévision numérique saisonnière du climat. Co-supervisé avec R. Laprise, UQAM.
Chen, Yongsheng, Ph.D. 2002: On the dynamics of the inner spiral rainbands in a simulated hurricane. Co-supervisé avec P. Yau , McGill U.
Zadra, Ayrton, Ph.D., 2000: Empirical Normal Mode Diagnosis of Reanalysis Data and Dynamical-Core Experiments. Co-supervisé avec J. Derome, McGill U.
Wang, Yuhui, M.Sc., 1999: The Potential Vorticity Budget of Mean Winter Anomalies. Co-supervisé avec J. Derome, McGill U.
Tran, D., Ph.D.,1998: Atmospheric Model and Data Analysis in terms of empirical normal modes. Co-supervisé avec J. Derome, McGill U.
Charron, M., Ph.D.,1998: Gravity wave diagnosis using empirical normal modes. Co-supervisé avec T. Warn, McGill U.
Choboter, P., M.Sc., 1997: Forced Rossby waves in a zero absolute vorticity gradient environment Co-supervisé avec S. Maslowe, McGill U.
Brunet, G. La prévision météorologique et climatique: prévisibilité et processus dynamiques, UQÀM, Montréal, Novembre 2016, Canada (Invited speaker).
Brunet, G. Sub-seasonal predictability and dynamical processes: long range interactions, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, December 2016, USA (Invited speaker).
Brunet, G. Arctic weather and climate predictability, MEOPAR YOPP Meeting, Ottawa, October 2016, Canada (Invited speaker).
Brunet, G. On the role of breaking African easterly waves and critical layers in hurricane genesis, LMD, Paris, May 2016, France (Invited speaker).
Brunet, G. Toward seamless weather-climate and environmental prediction, UQÀM, Montréal, May 2016, Canada (Invited speaker).
Brunet, G., Toward seamless weather-climate and environmental prediction, EGU, Vienna, April 2016, Austria, (Invited Speaker).
Brunet, G. Overview of sub-seasonal predictability, Workshop on sub-seasonal predictability, ECMWF, Reading, November 2015, UK (Invited speaker).
Brunet, G. Numerical Environmental and Weather Prediction at Environment Canada, KIAPS Symposium, Seoul, October 2015, Republic of Korea (Invited speaker).
Brunet, G. La prévision météorologique et environnementale : une révolution tranquille. Ecole d¿été 2015, UQAM, June 2015, Montréal, Canada (Invited speaker).
Brunet, G. The challenges of weather and environmental prediction. Alfred-Wegener Institute, Bremen, May 2015, Germany (Invited speaker).
Brunet, G., H. Lin, J. Knight and A. Scaife Advances in sub-seasonal forecast: predictability, dynamical and physical processes. PANDOWAE Final Symposium, Karlsruhe, May 2015, Germany (Invited speaker).
Brunet, G., A. Asaadi and P. Yau, Hurricane genesis: on the breaking African easterly waves and critical layers, EGU, Vienna, April 2015, Austria, (Speaker).
Brunet, G., The Challenges of Weather and Environmental Prediction, High Performance Computing Symposium, Halifax, June 2014, Canada, (Invited Speaker).
Brunet, G., Hurricane dynamics: on the role of Vortex Rossby Waves (VRWs), Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences, October 2013, Cambridge, UK. (Invited Speaker).
Brunet, G., Intraseasonal Predictability and Dynamical Processes: the MJO and NAO two-way global interaction, University of Reading, October 2013, Reading, UK. (Invited Speaker).
Brunet, G. The mathematical challenges of Earth-system and weather prediction, Canadian Mathematical Society 2013 special tour: The Mathematics of Planet Earth, Memorial U. (March 2013, St-Johns, Canada) and Ottawa U. March 2013, Ottawa, Canada) (Invited Speaker).
Brunet, G. Sub-seasonal predictability and dynamical processes: the two-way MJO and NAO interaction, NCAR (June 2012, Boulder, USA), JPL (June 2012, Pasadena, USA) and ECMWF (March 2012, Reading, UK) (Invited Speaker).
Brunet, G. Progress and the future directions of the Canadian weather and environmental prediction systems, National Meteorological Center (July 2012, Beijing, China) and Shanghai Weather Service (July 2012, Shanguai, China) (Invited Speaker).
Brunet, G. The importance of vortex Rossby wave breaking and radiation for angular momentum transport in hurricanes, UCLA, Los Angeles, June 2012, USA, (Invited Speaker).
Brunet, G. WWRP: past, present and future, BASC, Spring meeting, April 2012, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, USA (Invited Speaker).
Brunet, G. The multi-scale Nature of Earth-system and Weather Prediction, High Performance Computing Symposium, Montreal, June 2011, Canada, (Invited Speaker).
|Created : 2002-08-08||Modified : 2016-05-07|